Bergamot essential oil or Bergamot oil is extracted from a citrus tree, Citrus aurantium var. bergamia (C. bergamia).
The bergamot orange has a yellow pear shaped fruit, the color of a lemon and about the size of an orange, that blooms in the winter with a very pleasant fragrance.
Bergamot oil is best known for use in aromatherapy as a supplement to support anxiety, stress, and depression. Bergamot essential oil has a distinctive aroma of pleasing, uniquely floral aroma. Bergamot orange oil is also known for possessing a sweet fruity citrus aroma that is refreshing, balancing and uplifting.
Bergamot oil has been used in Earl Grey tea for many years. The juice of the Bergamot fruit has been used as a herbal remedy for malaria in Calabrian indigenous medicine. Bergamot essential oil is popular in aromatherapy applications. AromatherapeuticGC/IR Verified 100% Pure & Natural Citrus bergamia making it one of the favorite oils for many potpourri products. Aromatherapists and home users both find the favorite essence of Bergamot essential oil energizing and stimulating. Bergamot orange oil is commonly used as a massage oil and in a diffuser.
Bergamot essential oil is also know as Bergamot oil, oil of citrus bergamia , Bergamot Orange Oil, BP Free Bergamot, Aceite de Bergamota, Bergamot Peel Oil, Bergamotto Bigarade Orange, Citrus Aurantium Bergamia, Bergamot Orange, Bergamota, Bergamotier, Bergamoto, Bergamotte, Citrus Bergamia, Huile de Bergamote, and Oleum Bergamotte.
The small citrus tree, bergamot orange, is not a shrub herb and is totally unrelated to the herbs of the mint family, Monarda fistulosa and, Monarda didyma which are also called "bergamot", horsemint or bee balm. Bergamot oil is named for an Italian city of Bergamot in Lombardy, Italy, where the Rutaceae bergamot essential oil was first sold. Although bergamot orange is cultivated commercially on the Ivory Coast of Africa (Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco). 80% of all premier bergamot citrus is grown and produced on a short stretch of the Ionian coastal region in the province of Calabria, Italy for essential oil and not for juice consumption. Some bergamot is cultivated in France, but the quality of the bergamot essence does not compare with the cold expression essential bergamot essence produced in Reggio Calabria, Italy. The favorable temperature, alluvial deposits, limestone and argillite soils combine to produce the best bergamot oil grown anywhere in the world.
"The bergamot orange is not edible and is grown only for its fragrant oil, although its peel is sometimes candied." According to the Oxford Companion to Food.
Dr. Jean Valnet describes Bergamot in his book, The Practice of Aromatherapy, as: "Citrus bergamia Rutaceae
A variety of citrus.
Parts used: the essence, obtained by expressing the outer part of the peel of the freshly picked fruit. 100 kilos of fruit yield approximately 500g of essence. The pulp is used in making citric acid.
Principal known constituents: essence; linayl acetate (35 to 45%), limonene, linalool.
- antiseptic (intestinal)
N.B. Apart from its pharmaceutical use, the essence of bergamot is widely used in the perfume and confectionery."
Bergamot essential oil is composed of various chemical constituents including a-bergaptene, a-pinene, a-terpineol, b-bisabolene, geraniol acetate, geraniol, limonene, linalool, linalyl acetate, myrcene, nerol, and neryl acetate.
In addition to perfumes, bergamot oil is also used in cooking. Bergamot oil is added to traditional culinary dishes to lighten the flavor. When there is a need to contrast sweet notes in food such as crustaceans, Bergamot oil is added. Bergamot can also be used to neutralize strong flavors in wild game meats. Bergamot oil is also used in teas, liquors, infusions, and sorbet or sorbetto. Bergamot oil is one of the top ten essential oils sold in the world.